Harmonic Oscillator

Motivation

Harmonic Oscillator front view.

This is my take on an harmonic oscillator with saw output. The oscillator multiplies the basic saw from one to ten. Every harmonic has an individual output and voltage controlled volume. The odd and the even outputs have separate summed outputs. The summed output is voltage controlled as well. You can scan through the outputs manually or voltage controlled. The depth and the channel spread is controlled by hand and voltage. This one is for the more adventures and experimental musician.




Specs and features


Implementation

Schematic

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 01 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Control board 01

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 02 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Control board 02

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 01 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 01/01

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 02 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 01/02

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 01 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 02/01

Harmonic Oscillator schematic 02 control board

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 02/02

Harmonic Oscillator schematic main board D

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 03

Harmonic Oscillator schematic main board E

Harmonic Oscillator schematic: Main board 04

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic control board

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic: Control board

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic main board 01

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic: Main board 01/01

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic main board 02

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic: Main board 01/02

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic main board 03

Harmonic Oscillator VCO schematic: Main board 02

Description:

This harmonic oscillator is a combination from different schematics which I already had used in other modules. The VCO is from my NGF project. The scanning circuitry is from my Scan and Pan module. Just enhanced it from 6 to 12 stages. Still based on the work of J. Donald Tillman and J├╝rgen Haible. The harmonics circuitry is inspired by Electronotes AN-190.


Harmonic Oscillator screenshot trapezoid waveforms

Harmonic Oscillator screenshot: 1, 2, 3, 4 harmonics


Harmonic Oscillator screenshot square waveforms

Harmonic Oscillator screenshot: 1, 5, 6, 7 harmonic


Harmonic Oscillator screenshot saw waveforms

Harmonic Oscillator screenshot: 1, 8, 9, 10 harmonic


Top

Calibration

  • First make a gross test. You should have a signal at every output, pots and inputs reacting.
  • VCO calibration: Temperature CA3036
    • Remove the control board from the VCO.
    • Connect the VCO to the PSU.
    • Adjust TR_1 on 1.1.0-B for the wanted temperature. The temperature should be above the ambient temperature in your case.
    • I adjust mine to 45deg Celsius. Using a infrared thermometer.
    • Put the control board back on.
  • VCO calibration: DC offset, gain
    • Connect a scope to the VCO output. Watch the saw.
    • Adjust TR1 on 1.2.0-C for zero DC offset.
    • Adjust TR3 on 1.2.0-C for a gain of +/-5Vpp
    • This is crucial for the later calibration of the saw multipliers.
  • VCO calibration: V/Octave
    • The calibration procedure for the VCO is the same as described here: NGF VCO Core two
    • TR1 on 1.1.0-B is the V/Octave low end trim. TR2 on 1.2.0-C is the V/Octave HF trim.

You have a lot to calibrate. Be patient and careful. You have to repeat the wave multiplier calibration for every multiplier. I only describe the calibration of one multiplier though. All the others have the same procedure. You only need to replace the figures and names used. I recommend to work with a single board at a time and power it separately like on the picture below. You can see the power connection on the right upper corner.

Harmonic Oscillator calibration board E

Harmonic Oscillator: Calibration board D and E

  • Wave multiplier: DC working point
    • Read the right voltage from the schematic. 3.57V for the seventh.
    • Adjust TR_6 for 3.57V at pin10 of IC3.
    • Adjust TR_18 for -3.57V at pin12 of IC10.
    • Repeat until it fits. The trimmers are not independent because they are both part of the voltage divider chain.
    • The output should look something like this:
Harmonic Oscillator calibration

Harmonic Oscillator: Calibrating DC working point

  • Wave multiplier: Multiplication
    • It is crucial to use the dedicated VCO for the calibration. The calibration depends on the voltage of the output signal from the used VCO (10Vpp). Here I describe the calibration of the seventh harmonic. Change the voltage and the used trimmers according to the schematic.
    • As you can see on the screenshot above the count of the harmonics is wrong. It counts only to five, should be seven in our example.
    • The multiplication depends on the input signal. Adjust TR_4 until your count goes to seven.
    • The output should look like this:
Harmonic Oscillator calibration

Harmonic Oscillator: Calibrating harmonics count

  • Wave multiplier: Alignment
    • Adjust TR_15 until the peaks of the signal are on the same level
    • The output should look like this now:
Harmonic Oscillator calibration

Harmonic Oscillator: Calibrating alignment

  • Wave multiplier: DC offset
    • Adjust the remaining DC offset with TR_9
    • The final result should look like this:
Harmonic Oscillator calibration

Harmonic Oscillator: Calibrating DC offset

You have to repeat this procedure for every harmonic. Replace the voltage and the trimmers in the example for the seventh with the values and names given in the schematic. Be patient. Repeat the procedure until you are satisfied.


  • OTA offset voltage
    • Disconnect VCO
    • Set the slider pot for channel one (2..10) to max
    • Measure the output voltage at the individual output of channel one (2..10)
    • Adjust trimmer TR_1 (TR_4, TR_7, TR_9, TR_2, TR_5, TR_8, TR_10, TR_3, TR_6) for zero volts at the output
    • Move on to next channel
    • Set all channel sliders to zero
    • Set the sum channel slider to max
    • Measure the output voltage at the sum output for zero volts at the output
    • Adjust trimmer TR_11
Top

Building hints

  • None

Special parts

  • I use Befaco sliders here.

Download

Harmonic Oscillator control board documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator control board Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 01 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 01 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 02 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 02 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 03 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 03 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 04 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator main board 04 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator VCO control board documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator VCOcontrol board Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator VCO main board 01 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator VCO main board 01 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator VCO main board 02 documentation download
Harmonic Oscillator VCO main board 02 Gerber files download
Harmonic Oscillator *.fpd file

Harmonic Oscillator front view

Harmonic Oscillator: Front view


Harmonic Oscillator front view

Harmonic Oscillator: Front view


Harmonic Oscillator populated control PCB top

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated control PCB top


Harmonic Oscillator populated control PCB back

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated control PCB back


Harmonic Oscillator populated main PCB 01

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated main PCB 01


Harmonic Oscillator populated main PCB 02

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated main PCB 02


Harmonic Oscillator populated main PCB 03

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated main PCB 03


Harmonic Oscillator populated main PCB 04

Harmonic Oscillator: Populated main PCB 04


Harmonic Oscillator back left view

Harmonic Oscillator: Back left view


Harmonic Oscillator back right view

Harmonic Oscillator: Back right view


Harmonic Oscillator side view

Harmonic Oscillator: Side view


Harmonic Oscillator VCO populated control PCB

Harmonic Oscillator VCO: Populated control PCB


Harmonic Oscillator VCO populated main PCB 01

Harmonic Oscillator VCO: Populated main PCB 01


Harmonic Oscillator VCO populated main PCB 02 top

Harmonic Oscillator VCO: Populated main PCB 02 top


Harmonic Oscillator VCO populated main PCB 02 back

Harmonic Oscillator VCO: Populated main PCB 02 back


2022 August first published

2022 September update VCO_Harmonics_VCO_120_C

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